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Coffee is available in different brews, beans, and types. Some you are familiar with, and others you probably won’t taste in your lifetime. This guide presents you the most consumed types of coffee from all over the world
Black coffee is a combination of water and coffee without milk. Typical additive flavors are honey, cream, and milk. These additives change the color, taste, and aroma of coffee. This coffee can be served in various ways, even if it seems easy to prepare. There are several notable types of black coffee.
This Italian cup of coffee is made by forcing steam through grounded beans. It results in thick coffee with a creamy foam at the top. It has a high percentage of caffeine per unit volume because of its thickness. Americano and other drinks use it as a base. Learn to make espresso without a machine here.
This Italian drink is a regular espresso but with half the amount of water. It gives rise to a strong shot of espresso with quite a different taste.
This is a stronger Americano. Made by adding two shots of espresso or ristretto into a small amount of water to enhance its taste.
You drip hot water through coffee grounds through the filter into the pot. It is slower than making espresso. You are going to make a stronger coffee at the end
It is a modern method of making coffee. It uses modern technology to create high-quality coffee easier and cheaper, unlike the old-timer filter coffee machines. It is suitable for making large quantity coffee without compromising quality, according to Matt Perger.
It is a double espresso shot. Hot water passes through a portafilter with a double spout. The pour-over technique refreshes the water surrounding the ground coffee. You make coffee in three processes i.e., wetting, dissolution, and diffusion. Find out more on the beginner’s pour-over coffee here.
When you put together two strong shots of espresso and add whipped cream to substitute for milk and sugar, what you get is called Vienna and is often referred to simply as a flavorful espresso.
Pour your desired amount of water over coffee crystals or powder and stir until it dissolves. It is that simple. This coffee has a longer shelf life, and it is the most preferred in Brazil. Americans and the French don’t like it. Click here to learn how to prepare instant coffee.
You use an AeroPress device to make this type of coffee. Place your metal or paper filter in the filter tube and steep the coffee for less than a minute. Water is then pressed through the plunger. The filter stops sediments and oils from entering the cup. The caffeine comes with a distinctive taste.
You use a vacuum coffee pot to make this coffee. Grounds remain in the upper part as the water boils in the lower vessel. The vacuum and pressure forces water up to brew the coffee. When the heat is stopped, coffee falls into the bottom vessel, ready to drink.
You make this by adding grounds into boiling water and let them seep for some time to enrich the taste. French coffee is a trendy type of immersion coffee. Coarsely ground coffee is soaked in boiling water for less than 5 minutes.
Common Immersion Brewers
- French Press
- Clever Dripper
- Cold Brew Jugs
Other types of espresso shots
- Lungo: similar to doppio, it contains 2 ounces of espresso but is more concentrated.
- Café Noisette: This double shot is a combination of 2 ounces of espresso and 1 ounce of steamed milk.
People add milk to coffee to introduce a distinctive aroma. Baristas use coffee to make foams that help them in decorating coffee in various stunning ways. Milk-based coffee usually has lower caffeine levels and acidity. There are several types of milk-based coffee types:
This is an espresso with a lower level of steamed milk. Espresso aroma is dominant, and a milky taste supports it. Do not confuse this with white coffee.
This is espresso with milk. It is composed of 1/3 steamed milk, 1/3 espresso, and 1/3 foamed milk. It can be served hot, iced, with cream in place of milk, among other ways.
It contains a lot of milk, unlike cappuccino. It is not similar to flat white either. It has the milkiest aroma and taste of all milk-based coffees.
Also called the little latte, Cataldo or Mezzo-Mezzo. Prepared by pouring warm milk over a ristretto shot. It is typically served in 100 ml latte glasses, making it a latte milk coffee shot. You can replace drinking of your full-sized milk coffees with the little latte, and it will work correctly for you.
This American latte consists of ¼ espresso, ½ milk foam, and ½ steamed milk. It is thicker than the usual latte as the steamed half-and-half milk increases foam volume. You don’t have to add sugar or sweeteners. Mostly used as a dessert beverage.
This is a strong Italian shot of coffee with a stain of milk. Simply an espresso shot with a dash of milk. Today, Macchiato has been categorized as ‘traditional,’ the one with a little bit of milk and the ‘topped up’ with little steamed milk.
Latte Macchiato means “stained milk”. You stain glass of milk by pouring espresso over it. It’s almost similar to caffe latte but served differently. When poured in a tall glass, you are going to see a foam layer at the top, the middle layer of espresso, and milk at the bottom.
Made by combining espresso with steamed milk to get a flat texture similar to cappuccino or a frothy latte. Milk to coffee ratio is 1:1, and it has little foam. It is usually served in glasses of 150-200ml capacity.
This coffee from San Francisco is a popular variation of the Cortado coffee. It is served colder than a regular Cortado and has a better texture. Add an espresso shot to 85 ml milk in the heated Gibraltar glass. Drink the coffee quickly to experience better because the downside of the glass cools faster.
It is a variety of caffe latte (not the same thing whatsoever). It is made of a double shot of espresso shot, additional flavor, and foamed milk. The best aroma comes from additives like chocolate syrup, cocoa powder, whipped cream, cinnamon, and other toppings. Mocha is typically a creamy chocolate coffee.
Iced and cold coffees
Iced coffee is fantastic as they introduce a refreshment and great aroma in your cup. You can either brew it cold, or brew it hot and later cool it with ice, ice cream or cold milk to get a different flavor.
Mix coffee grinds with cold water, stir it and leave it in the fridge overnight. Later, strain the mixture and remove the remaining coffee to serve it the way you like. The cold brew results in low caffeine levels.
Nitro coffee is served from a beer keg and is somehow thick as a result of nitrogen-infused in it. It is served cold, resulting in a beer-like creamy taste. Find out more about nitro coffee.
Cool 2 shots of espresso and later fill up a 0.2l glass with ice. Squeeze in some lime juice, tonic water, and espresso shots in it to have your drink ready.
Japanese iced coffee
Brew coffee in how water and immediately pour the coffee over ice. That ice contact enables coffee to release the flavors that may take hours to release.
Other Espresso-based drinks
- Dry cappuccino: the only difference will be the steamed milk being provided to you at the end. Otherwise, the contents are the same as the cappuccino.
- Con Panna: this is another version for dessert lovers as it is made with 2 ounces of espresso topped with 3 ounces of whipped cream.
Strange and unique coffees
The types of coffee mentioned earlier are common. They originate from the US and Italy mainly. However, different cultures across the world brew coffee differently to give distinctive aromas. Let’s discuss these strange and unique types of coffee.
- Türk Kahvesi. Wikimedia Commons
You need finely ground beans and a cezve, a traditional Turkish pot. Heat water and sugar in the pot until it boils, then add coffee grounds. Re-heat it to achieve the desired froth. Coffee remnants may end up in the cup. Check out the guide to brewing Turkish coffee here.
- Cà phê đá. Flickr/Alpha
This coffee is usually dripped through a small Vietnamese filter. It is served cold or hot with steamed milk. Egg coffee is a Vietnamese beverage where egg yolks are beaten to become creamy and added to coffee, sugar, and condensed milk. The Swedish type does not include dairy.
You mix brewed coffee, coconut oil, and unsalted butter. People on high-fat, low-carb diets are familiar with it as a substitute for breakfast. It, however, doesn’t supply adequate nutrients to the body.
Butter coffee is also popular. You mix brewed coffee, unsalted butter, and medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs). MCTs are easily digestible in the body and available in stores.
You do not use coffee beans. Instead, you use cherry leaves. Cascara coffee is more of tea than coffee and is very helpful in solving digestive problems.
This is Ethiopian coffee with a distinctive aroma and flavor. It is among the most expensive coffees in the world (approximately $803 per pound).
This is an exotic coffee from South Asia. It is produced from feces of small viverrids (they eat coffee cherries).
This is an Italian specialty of hot espresso covered in a scoop of vanilla ice cream in a glass. Other versions add alcoholic beverages and some a shot of amaretto.
You mix hot coffee with sugar and whiskey. It is a popular derivative of regular coffee globally.
This is just a highlight of the most popular types of coffees in the world. Coffee has a rich history, and different cultures have different techniques of brewing. I hope this article helped inform you of some types of coffee you had no idea that they existed.
Difference between regular coffee and Americano?
The primary distinction is the type of coffee used to make the drinks. Regular coffee is pure black coffee with no additives, and the Americano is espresso and water combined.
How many types of coffee are there in the world?
There are 30 most popular types of coffee in the world. They have variations in flavors, additives, and preparation methods. They also use different kinds of beans.
Which is the most common type of coffee?
Espresso is the most common, literally available in many stores around the world. Arabica and Robusta are the most common types of coffee beans.
Which is the best beginner coffee?
Latte and mocha are the best for beginners because of their milky taste. They don’t taste bitter or feel strong to beginners. If you want to start with a strong aroma, try espresso. Keep in mind that espresso is not the same thing as coffee.
Which is the strongest coffee?
The Death Wish Coffee brands make one of the strongest coffee. You get about 472mg of caffeine per 8oz. a cup of coffee. Dark coffees without milk usually have high levels of caffeine.