Immersion methods such as cold brew and French press require steeping of the coffee grounds in water. This is essentially how extraction takes place. It is during this stage that the coffee is given flavor, taste, and aroma. Thus, just imagine how important it is!
To learn more about steeping, read on.
What is steeping coffee
Steeping is a method of making coffee by applying ground coffee to hot water. It’s one way to explore the brewing of immersion.
How it works
Steeping is the process of leaving coffee grounds in hot water for a few minutes. If you opt to use cold water, it can take for as long as several hours. As established, extraction then takes place. Once it’s done, filter out the grounds so you’re left with your fresh brew.
A lot of coffee lovers believe that steeping is one of the best methods to extract coffee as compared to other ways such as drip or pour-over. The reason behind this is that longer contact between the beans and water allows more flavors to come through.
What is the difference between brewing and steeping coffee?
Although the two methods of coffee preparation yield the same final product, brewing and steeping coffee are entirely different.
When you’re brewing coffee, whether it’s a conventional coffee maker, a Keurig or a pour-over, you’re basically pushing hot water to move through ground coffee beans. It’s a transparent material when the water comes in. It’s coffee when the other hand comes out. In the meantime, it has picked up all the oils and flavors from the coffee beans, giving you the dark, chocolatey, slightly acidic tones that are normally present in the brewed coffee.
On the other side, when you steep your coffee, you have to immerse your coffee in a container of hot water. The coffee grounds are then kept in contact with hot water for 1-4 minute or more, allowing the oils and flavors to seep out of the grounds and into the water. The end result is a very close cup of dark, acidic tones of coffee.
There is no one way to determine steeping time as it depends on a number of factors. Your preferences come into play as well. Let’s have a quick rundown of things to consider when deciding on the steeping time.
- Grind size
Be it drip or immersion method, grind size is gold. The taste of your brew will depend on it as well.
Generally, steeping requires coarser grind size than the drip methods because coarse grind size allows extraction of full flavor without excessive bitterness or vice versa. As a rule, the coarser the grounds, the longer the duration of your steeping time should be.
Coarsely ground coffee is preferred to avoid making a cup of coffee that has coffee dust suspended within the liquid. This might add to the dust in the coffee at the bottom of the cup.
- Preferred coffee strength
Bolder and stronger coffee requires a longer steeping time because you will need more extraction to get more flavors. On the other hand, if you find your brew too strong or bitter, experiment by reducing your steeping time.
- Brew method
Since the French press involves using hot water (up to 200 degrees Fahrenheit), you need not steep for too long since more extraction takes place with the help of the heat. For a delicious cup of French press, 4 minutes of steeping time should be enough.
Conversely, cold brew will need a longer steeping time since it does not use heat. The steeping time can range for as short as 6 hours to a whopping 24.
Does longer steeping mean stronger coffee?
There is no clear cut answer to this question. Yes, the longer the steeping the, the stronger the coffee, but it also leaves some room for even the unpleasant flavors to be extracted into your cup. We figured that may not be a desirable case.
Can you over steep coffee?
Additionally, steeping for longer than 4 minutes will add more acidity to your java. In short, you can rely more on the grounds quantity than steeping time for a stronger coffee.
There are a handful of factors to determine steeping time and a lot of it depends on your preference. If you are new to the steeping world, trial and error is key. Rest assured that one day, you will also master the brew that’s perfect for you!