Does Coffee Cause GERD? Separating Fact from Fiction

crazy by Editorial Staff | Updated on April 26th, 2023

Hey there, fellow coffee enthusiasts! Have you ever experienced heartburn or acid reflux after enjoying your daily cup of coffee and wondered if there’s a connection?

You’re not alone in your concerns, and we’re here to help you make sense of it all. In this article, we’ll delve into whether coffee contributes to Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) and explore ways to relish your favorite brew without discomfort.

asian man suffering from gastritis

So, let’s get started and uncover the facts about coffee and GERD.

First things first, what is GERD?

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, commonly known as GERD, is a chronic condition where stomach acid frequently flows back into the esophagus, causing irritation and discomfort. This reflux can lead to symptoms like heartburn, regurgitation, and even difficulty swallowing. Now, let’s see how coffee fits into this equation.

Does coffee really cause GERD?

Well, the answer isn’t as straightforward as you might think. Coffee, specifically caffeine, has been known to relax the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), the muscular ring between the esophagus and stomach. The LES is responsible for keeping stomach acid in its place, and when it’s relaxed, it can allow acid to flow back into the esophagus, leading to GERD symptoms.

However, not all coffee drinkers experience GERD symptoms, and some research suggests that it might be more about individual sensitivity than a direct cause-and-effect relationship. So, while coffee might not directly cause GERD, it can certainly exacerbate symptoms for some individuals.

Caffeine isn’t the only factor

You might think that switching to decaf will solve your problems, but hold on a second! Decaffeinated coffee can also trigger GERD symptoms in some people. This is because coffee contains other compounds, like catechols and N-alkanoly-5-hydroxytryptamides, that can also weaken the LES.

Additionally, the acidity of coffee itself can irritate the esophagus lining and contribute to GERD symptoms. So, it’s not just about the caffeine – the whole coffee package can play a role in triggering GERD symptoms.

What can you do to minimize the risk?

If you find that coffee is exacerbating your GERD symptoms, don’t worry – you don’t have to give up your favorite beverage altogether. Here are a few tips to help you enjoy your cup of joe without the burn:

  1. Experiment with low-acid coffee: Some coffee brands offer low-acid options that can be gentler on your stomach and esophagus. Give them a try to see if they reduce your symptoms.
  2. Opt for a smaller serving: Instead of that large mug, go for a smaller serving of coffee. Less coffee means less acid and a potentially reduced impact on your GERD symptoms.
  3. Watch your brewing method: Cold brew and espresso-based drinks are often less acidic than drip coffee. Experiment with different brewing methods to find what works best for you.
  4. Avoid drinking coffee on an empty stomach: Having a little food in your stomach can help dilute the acid and minimize the impact of coffee on your GERD symptoms.
  5. Pay attention to your body: Not everyone reacts to coffee the same way. Keep track of your symptoms and adjust your coffee consumption accordingly.
  6. Mind your additives: If you’re used to adding cream, sugar, or flavored syrups to your coffee, be aware that these additives can also contribute to GERD symptoms. High-fat dairy products, such as whole milk or cream, can slow down digestion and cause the stomach to produce more acid. Meanwhile, artificial sweeteners and high-sugar content can also trigger GERD symptoms in some individuals. Try using alternatives like almond or oat milk and natural sweeteners like stevia, honey, or maple syrup in your coffee.
  7. Timing is key: Avoid drinking coffee too close to bedtime, as lying down can make it easier for stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus. Try to have your last cup of coffee at least 3-4 hours before bedtime to reduce the risk of nighttime GERD symptoms.
  8. Be mindful of other GERD triggers: Coffee isn’t the only potential trigger for GERD symptoms. Other common culprits include alcohol, chocolate, spicy foods, fatty foods, citrus fruits, and carbonated beverages. Be aware of your body’s reaction to these triggers and minimize your consumption when necessary.
  9. Try lifestyle modifications: Apart from coffee consumption, there are several lifestyle factors that can impact GERD symptoms. These include maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, avoiding tight-fitting clothes, and elevating the head of your bed. Making these changes might help alleviate GERD symptoms, even if you continue to enjoy your coffee.
  10. Consult with a professional: If you’re experiencing persistent GERD symptoms despite trying the tips mentioned above, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional. They can help identify the underlying causes, recommend appropriate treatments, and guide you in managing your symptoms effectively.


In conclusion, coffee can indeed exacerbate GERD symptoms for some individuals, but it doesn’t necessarily cause the condition.

If you’re a coffee lover struggling with GERD, try implementing some of the tips above and see if you can find a happy balance between enjoying your daily brew and keeping those pesky symptoms at bay. As always, it’s a good idea to consult with your healthcare provider before making any significant changes to your

Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. Consult a healthcare professional for medical concerns. The author and publisher are not liable for any actions taken based on this article.

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Editorial Staff

The editorial staff at Crazy Coffee Crave is a team of coffee enthusiasts & Baristas who enjoy the one thing we all think about as soon as we get up in the morning. Trusted by thousands of readers worldwide.