If you truly love coffee, it is highly likely you have tried the Colombian coffee. Colombian coffee is renowned across the globe for its delicious taste and quality. In fact, Colombia is the world’s 3rd largest producer of coffee. This is attributed to its favoring and unique geography. Globally, Colombian coffee accounts for about 12% of the coffee produced.
Although coffee farmers are struggling to adapt to Colombia’s changing climate, which has, in many ways, hurt a crop that put food on the table. Coffee is still more than a crop in this country and had significantly contributed to the identity of Colombia.
The government and the federation are also equally working smart and hard to help farmers go through these challenging moments. The main initiative the government has been to improve conditions for farmers, but only time will tell if things are going to get better. For now, most farmers are not sure how tomorrow will be like.
What Makes Colombian Coffee so Special?
There are many reasons why Colombian coffee is stilled preferred by many people across the globe. Below are some of the reasons why it is so special to most people.
- It can be roasted dark without turning excessively bitter, making this coffee ideal for espresso-based drinks.
- Mild and well-balanced flavor that has medium to high acidity levels.
- Aromas tend towards citrus, fruits, and hints of spice.
- Colombia coffee is made from Arabica coffee beans. Arabica has a lighter ad sweeter taste than Robusta, which is another famous coffee.
- Floral hints, traces of tropical fruits, red berries or apples and a sweetness akin to chocolate, sugar cane or caramel.
Principal factors which determine the quality of coffee
Many factors contribute significantly to the quality of raw coffee. In fact, these factors are the primary reasons why you enjoy a cup of coffee. Other factors that contribute during the processing cycle, that is after harvesting also contributes to the great taste but not as much as the factors we shall discuss below.
- Geography and climate
It is, without a doubt, Colombia has perfect geography and climate for growing coffee. These two (geography and climate) contribute to the excellent thriving of quality coffee. Ideal soil plus the right amount of rainfall gives this country an edge in coffee growing. Basically, Colombia has two coffee-growing regions. The slopes of the three sections of the Andes mountains that traverse the country and the highlands of the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta.
- The growing and harvesting process
Climate and geography favor the growing process, plus other growing techniques and now excellent harvesting process results in the final quality product. The handpicking process even makes harvesting more accurate. Colombia does not rely on machines to pick its coffee beans. Every bean is handpicked hence eliminating the chances of picking unripe, sun-scorched, and green beans.
After harvesting, the arabica coffee beans are wet-processed. The beauty of wet-processing is that it results in cleaners, brighter and fruitier products.
- The type of coffee
Unlike other regions, Colombia is predominantly known to produce arabica coffee. Keep in mind arabica is widely considered to be superior, less caffeine, stronger acidic notes, and lighter and sweeter than Robusta. Now the fact Colombian coffee is 100% arabica makes it the best coffee you can have in the world.
The most popular beans in Colombia
Colombia has three types of coffee that every coffee lover would love to try. These three coffees are named according to the regions they grow (collectively grown in the main central area) and are namely; Medellin, Armenia, and Manizales. The three are marketed under the acronym MAM. It is good to note coffee from the central regions have a higher acidity level compared to those grown in the eastern region.
- Castillo coffee
It is one of the famous coffees in Colombia, and that is bred to be resistant to the perils of coffee rust. It is best known for its smoothness, citric acidity, and aroma. There is evidence that it holds the potential for high-end single-origin beans.
- Caturra beans
First developed in Brazil, Caturra is distinguished by its bright acidity and low-to-medium body. Although considered to be Colombia’s finest, it is always under constant threat of coffee rust.
- Tinto Coffee
This is a variety you will find on the streets in Colombia because of its low prices. It is best known for its significant contribution to the coffee culture of the nation. If you are in Colombia, you must try a cup of Tinto to have a real cultural experience of their coffee. Tinto coffee is simply the coffee of the people of Colombia.
The best Colombia coffee beans
- Colombian Peaberry (Volcanica Coffee)
- Colombian Supremo (Volcanica Coffee)
- Copan Trade Colombian Supremo (Green Beans – Copan Trade)
- Peet’s Colombian Selection
You don’t have to be in Colombia to enjoy the finest coffee. It is even possible the nearest coffee shop near you sell or serve the best Colombia coffee. Have you tried Colombia coffee? Would you be happy to try it? Go ahead, taste it, and remember to share your experience.