The Best Coffee Brewing Temperatures

crazy by Editorial Staff | Updated on April 24th, 2023

Do temperatures matter when brewing coffee? Yes, temperatures affect the quality of taste in your coffee. Different coffee beans have varying brewing departures at which the best flavor is produced. Underheating or overheating during brewing affects the taste of your cup of coffee.


The best brewing temperature is 205 Fahrenheit.

Coffee Brewing Temperatures

What is the perfect brewing temperature?

205 degrees Fahrenheit or 96 degrees Celsius is the ideal water temperature for coffee brewing. For the tastiest coffee, ensure your water is at this temperature. You can use a thermometer to check the water temperatures.

What happens when you brew at the wrong temperatures?

Making coffee is a delicate balancing act. If you extract too much flavor from the coffee grinds, the result will be harsh, bland coffee. If you extract too little, your coffee will be sour and thin.

  • Too hot: Faster extraction
  • Too cold: slower extraction

Water temperature impacts how quickly the flavors are extracted from the grounds.

Overheating: using too hot or boiled water may cause the coffee grounds to be over-extracted. When the flavors and aromas are released too fast, coffee will be unpleasant, bitter, and low-quality taste.

Overheating water will also lower your coffee taste. This is because huge amounts of oxygen from the water are lost. As a result, coffee will be flavorless and bitter.

Under heating: when brewing water is cold or has lower temperatures. All aromas and flavors will not be extracted from the ground. The resulting coffee will be sour and flat.

For hot coffee, brewing takes 2-4 minutes for the perfect extraction.

The classic Coffee Brewing Control Chart, originally developed by Lockhart2. Reproduced from Lingle4.

What else contributes to over-extraction?

Elevation

Find your elevation. Water boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit at sea level, but as elevation increases, the boiling temperature decreases. So by looking up your elevation, you can know the precise temperature your water boils at.

Roast type

Coffee beans extract differently depending on the roasting temperature and growing circumstances. Denser coffees are more difficult to extract, necessitating a more effective solvent.

  • Light roasts: I use water close to boiling when brewing very light roast coffee beans. They are tough to extract and frequently require the assistance of a high temperature.
  • Dark or Medium: I’ll drop the temperature to 200 °F/93 or even lower. If you use water close to boiling, you risk extracting bitter characteristics from a dark roast.

Essential gadgets for monitoring brewing temperatures

  • The laser thermometer: is a handy gadget compared to the traditional thermometer. It measures water temperatures from a distance.
BESTSELLER
  • Electric gooseneck kettle: it is a perfect gadget for coffee lovers. It has an electronic base that monitors and measures water temperatures for accurate readings. Check out our top electric gooseneck kettles.

Ideal coffee brewing temperature 

Across the board, there are various kinds of coffee drinks. Each one requires a specific brewing method to make.

The temperature of the water and the extraction time will need to have a specific amount to gain the most from a particular coffee beverage.

1) French press

This is a favorite among many coffee drinkers. And is loved for its rich and deep flavors.

It also involves a simple and fast process anyone can pull off. 

Ideal temperature: For the french press, you want your temperature to be about 200°F for optimum results. Using a thermometer, you’ll be able to achieve this easily. 

However, if you can’t get your hands on one, wait 30 seconds after your water starts boiling.

2) Espresso

No need to worry about the temperature because espresso is made with a machine. And the machine sets the temperature for you.

Ideal temperature: If you don’t have an espresso machine, you’ll need to know the ideal temperature to use a manual method.

The right shot of espresso requires water temperature to be around 190°F – 200°F

3) Pour over

Unlike others, the water temperature greatly depends on the type of roast used.

Lighter roasts require higher temperatures, while darker roasts require a lower temperature. 

Ideal Temperature: Generally, you can’t go wrong keeping water temperature levels from 195°F to 205°F 

4) Aero press

Another favorite among coffee fans. And, of course, the usual reasons are responsible; rich, bold, and tasty flavors. 

This method relies on time to achieve the best results. So, depending on your brewing time, you’ll have to carry out different water temperature experiments. 

Ideal temperature: The aero press requires a great temperature to be effective. Anything from 195°F – 205°F would be just right.

What about serving temperature?

This differs from brewing temperature. It refers to what you feel as coffee makes it into your mouth.

People have different temperature preferences for taking coffee.

Some coffee fans prefer hot coffee and are comfortable with temperatures over 175°F. Also, it can still be useful if you find this level unbearable. For example, if you’re heading out, this is a good choice because it will cool down to the ideal temperature when it’s time to drink.

Other coffee lovers are not so daring with their temperature taste and will find much higher levels unpleasant. So, they settle for 155 – 175°F.  Just enough to warm you up without burning your mouth.

Next up is the most common choice among coffee drinkers. At 140 – 155°F, coffee delivers all the rich and exciting flavors you love. In addition, it’s gentle on your taste buds and gives the ideal soothing experience of drinking coffee.

So, let’s say the weather is hot, and you want to enjoy the rich coffee flavors without the extra heat. Keeping your coffee temperature levels anywhere from 120°F – 140°F will be fine.  

How to keep your coffee hot 

Getting your coffee hot is the easy part. Then, all you have to do is heat the water.

However, keeping it hot is a bit tricky. Sometimes, you’d like to save coffee later or keep it for a friend without losing too much heat. 

Here’s our full guide to keeping your coffee hot.

How do you keep temperatures at the desired level? 

Simple. Keep it in a thermal insulated carafe. The double-walled carafe acts like a bodyguard and prevents heat from escaping.

Best ways to cool down coffee

Sometimes you’re not looking to warm yourself up. Maybe you just want to enjoy the rich flavors faster or in a hot environment. 

Knowing how to cool down your coffee will come in handy. The first way to do this is to pour your coffee into a metal cup. With this, the cup absorbs the heat faster than a glass or ceramic.

Another way is to add cold milk to your coffee. This will quickly drop the overall temperature of your coffee. 

What about cold coffee?

Two methods are used in cold-brewing coffee: steeping at room temperatures and steeping at standard refrigerator temperature.

When steeping at room temperature, you can use cold or room temperature water to ensure it does not get hot. Water is maintained at around 70 degrees Fahrenheit. For robust flavor, brewing should happen between 8-12 hours for perfect extraction of flavors. 10 hours is the best time

Cold brewing takes 12-20 hours, but it is recommendable to take 16 hours. It is a slower process for extracting flavors from the grounds. It also produces lighter coffee, which is less acidic.

Final Thoughts

Temperatures play a significant role in determining the quality and taste of your coffee. Therefore, ensure you keep the right temperatures for proper extraction and flavor.

Keep accurate and consistent temperature when brewing. If you encounter problems, try changing the water temperature each time until you achieve the best taste.

Disclaimer: This post contains affiliate links, which means I may receive a small commission, at no extra cost to you, if you make a purchase using these links. Remember to support us by purchasing through the Amazon/Walmart/Impact Radius links provided. Last update on 2024-07-24 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Disclosure: No compensation or free products were received in exchange for writing this review.

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Editorial Staff

The editorial staff at Crazy Coffee Crave is a team of coffee enthusiasts & Baristas who enjoy the one thing we all think about as soon as we get up in the morning. Trusted by thousands of readers worldwide.